Water is the most essential resource on this planet. Despite the concerns about the environment, oil supplies and economic issues; there is, in fact, no item which is more important.
Why is this?
The human body is made up of over 70% water; it is essential for healthy cells and the correct functioning of the body. Although people have been known to survive as long as seven days without water; most people will not survive past three.
Surprisingly, even though it is such an essential item, there are many areas of the world which still struggle to get clean drinking water! In fact, official figures suggest that millions of people across the globe do not have access to clean water.
What you may not realize is that 2.8 billion people are affected every year due to water scarcity issues!
Where is the Biggest Problem of Drinking Water?
There are many reasons why access to drinking water is an issue for countries, it can stem from a lack of natural resources, an inability to finance cleaning and delivering water, or, it can be a result of human actions. Decimating large areas of land can destroy eco systems and pollute water for decades.
If you assume that the biggest problem is simply a numbers game then Sudan has the biggest crisis of drinking water; with an estimated 12.3 million people only having access to drinking water which is not clean.
Venezuela has approximately 5 million people in the same situation; whilst Ethiopia has 2.7 million.
Of course, these are not the only countries in the world to be suffering from a lack of clean water!
The number of people affected is not the only think that governs where the biggest crisis is! A lack of access to clean water can have huge impacts on the lives of those within a country.
Africa has over 49 million people living in it; in terms of numbers there are approximately 5 million without access to clean drinking water. However, the economic effects are much greater than this.
Every person who struggles to find clean water will spend their days searching for any water and the health risks that go with it.
Whilst they are searching there is no education available for the children and a huge increase in demand for health services; much of the water which is drunk is contaminated. The knock-on effect is that the people in Africa are unlikely to be able to improve their situation economically and will, therefore, never have the available funds to build new water systems.
If you combine this with the fact that their existing facilities and dams are already disintegrating then you could be looking at a much bigger number of people without access to clean water!
From a future point of view, the whole of Africa could easily be classed as the place with the biggest crisis of drinking water.
Finally, it is worth noting that there are several places in the world which simply do not have the resources to turn the water which is available to them, into clean drinking water. Economic issues often outweigh the actual scarcity of water and it is these issues which must be addressed first.
Whether you look to Sudan in Africa or Yemen, there are huge numbers of people without clean drinking water and no visible way to improve this issue. This is perhaps the greatest issue and where the biggest crisis lies.